A debit account into which a mailer deposits funds that are maintained by the USPS and from which postage is later deducted at the time of mailing. (Also called trust account.)
Mail that is prepared according to USPS standards so it can be scanned and processed by automated mail processing equipment such as a barcode sorter.
A price charged for Priority Mail (for delivery to Zones 1-4) and USPS Retail Ground items that weigh less than 20 pounds but measure more than 84
inches but no more than 108 inches in combined length and girth.
The term is generally used to describe commercial mail. The term "bulk mail" refers to specific minimum quantities of mail
that are prepared as a specific class of mail at reduced postage. For instance, First-Class Mail presort requires a minimum of 500 pieces for each mailing.
USPS Marketing Mail requires 200 pieces or 50 pounds for each mailing. The term "bulk mail" is synonymous with commercial, business, or advertising mail.
Business Mail Entry Unit (BMEU)
The area of a postal facility where mailers present commercial and permit mail for acceptance. The BMEU includes dedicated platform space, office space, and a staging area on the workroom floor.
Carrier Route Mail
Mail sorted by carrier route. The mail requires no primary or secondary distribution. The term is a general descriptor of the available prices for this type of preparation,
which includes carrier route USPS Marketing Mail, carrier route Periodicals, and carrier route Bound Printed Matter.
A pricing category for Priority Mail Express and Priority Mail that is less than the single-piece price paid at retail, and that requires specific
postage payment methods other than postage stamps. Payment methods depend on the class of mail and may include Click-N-Ship, registered end-users of
USPS-approved PC Postage providers, or customers using IBI postage meters that electronically transmit transactional data to the USPS.
A pricing category for Priority Mail Express and Priority Mail that is less than Commercial Base pricing, and that requires specific postage payment
methods and annual volume requirements.
Destination Entry Discount
A postage discount for depositing mail at specific postal facilities (e.g., delivery unit or network distribution center) that are closer to the final destination of the mail.
Dimensional (Dim) Weighting
Postage price for Priority Mail packages, addressed to zones 5-8, that exceed one cubic foot (1,728 cubic inches) are charged postage based on the actual weight
or the dimensional weight, whichever is greater.
Full Letter Tray
A tray filled at least 85% full with faced, upright pieces. Each tray must be physically filled to capacity before the filling of the next tray. A tray with
less mail may be prepared only if less–than–full or overflow trays are permitted by the standards for the price claimed. (Also see less–than–full tray and overflow tray).
Imprinted designation on mail that denotes postage payment (e.g., permit imprint).
Known Office of Publication
The business office of a Periodicals publication that is in the city where the original entry for Periodicals mailing privileges is authorized.
Permission to mail at commercial (presorted) prices.
A piece of adhesive paper that is fed through a postage meter and imprinted with postage. The meter tape is then applied to a mailpiece
(usually a large envelope or parcel that is too big to fit through the postage meter).
Network Distribution Center (NDC)
The NDC network consists of strategically located automated facilities that serve as centralized mail processing and transfer points for
designated geographic areas, including Area Distribution Centers (ADCs), Sectional Center Facilities (SCFs), and auxiliary service facilities (ASFs).
First-Class Mail letters that are square, rigid or have one or more nonmachinable characteristics are subject to the nonmachinable surcharge.
USPS Marketing Mail letters with nonmachinable characteristics are subject to nonmachinable prices. Parcel Select packages that cannot be sorted on mail
processing equipment because of size or weight must be processed manually and are nonmachinable.
USPS Retail Ground price for pieces exceeding 108 inches but not more than 130 inches in combined length and girth.
Printed indicia, instead of an adhesive postage stamp or meter stamp that shows postage prepayment by an authorized mailer.
A device that can print one or more denominations of postage onto a mailpiece or meter tape. It is available for lease
only from designated manufacturers.
Approved third-party vendor software that mailers can use to pay for and print their postage using a computer, printer, and internet connection.
The process by which a mailer prepares mail so that it is sorted to the finest extent required by the standards for the price claimed.
Generally, presort is performed sequentially, from the lowest (finest) level to the highest level, to those destinations specified by standard
and is completed at each level before the next level is prepared. Not all presort levels are applicable to all mailings.
Presorted First-Class Mail
A nonautomation category for a mailing that consists of at least 500 addressed mailpieces and is sorted and
prepared according to USPS standards. This mail may bear a barcode.
A form of mail preparation, required to bypass certain postal operations, in which the mailer groups pieces in a
mailing by ZIP Code or by carrier route or carrier walk sequence (or other USPS–recommended separation).
Prices which are lower than single-piece prices. In exchange for this lower postage price, mailers must sort
their mail into containers based on the ZIP Code destinations on the mail.
Sectional Center Facility (SCF)
A postal facility that serves as the processing and distribution center (P&DC) for Post Offices in a
designated geographic area as defined by the first three digits of the ZIP Codes of those offices.
Some SCFs serve more than one 3–digit ZIP Code range.
The "retail" or "full" postage price available for individual pieces of Priority Mail Express, First-Class Mail,
Priority Mail, and Package Services. Single-piece prices are higher than prices available for commercial mail.
To separate mail by a scheme or ZIP Code range; to separate and place mail into a carrier case; to distribute
mail by piece, package, bundle, sack, or pouch. (Also see primary, secondary, and tertiary.)
The distribution or separation of mail to route it to its final delivery point.
An extra service that can be optionally purchased by mailers to have their mailpiece scanned at delivery and is available
for Priority Mail, First-Class Mail parcels, USPS Marketing Mail
parcels, Package Services, and Parcel Select packages. Extra services fees are in addition to postage.
The fee charged the sender for USPS Marketing Mail pieces endorsed "Address Service Requested" or "Forwarding Service
Requested" that are returned as undeliverable. The fee equals the single-piece First-Class Mail price multiplied by
a factor of 2.472, rounded to the next whole cent.
A price structure for Priority Mail Express, Priority Mail (except Flat Rate products), Periodicals (except nonadvertising portion),
and Package Services (USPS Retail Ground and Bound Printed Matter) pieces that is based on weight and distance traveled (or zones crossed).